Eye-tracking in Cognitive Cartography
Eye movement analysis is a rich source of information that can be used to understand a person’s cognitive state, and interpret their cognitive processes as she/he executes visuospatial tasks. Eye-tracking, thus, is an important technique for evaluating and optimizing map design, geographic and other information visualizations, and a wide variety of cartographic products such as map-like displays including 3D representations. In cartography and related fields, understanding the perceptual and cognitive processes involved in tasks such as map reading, route learning and navigation not only enhances our understanding of human factors, but also leads to improved design decisions. With decreasing prices of eye-tracking devices in recent years, as well as promising developments in eye-tracking on smartphones, head-mounted devices, and in extended reality, we see an unprecedented amount of eye movement studies and data in cognitive cartography. Moreover, these technological developments have led to an increased use of eye-tracking for the design of gaze-based interaction, including also the interaction with maps.
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